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Origin of  Buganda and Baganda

The region known today as Buganda was known as Muwaawa before the 12th century, a name literary seem to mean a place that is sparsely populated and the people that occupied the region are said to come from Abyssinia through the rift valley and the mountains of Elgon. These people were organized into groups that had a common ancestry and constituted the most important unit in Buganda’s culture – the clan. The leader of each of these clans would be a chief and ruled a section of the territory. There were five original clans referred to as Banansangwa simply meaning the indigenous clans and they are: Ffumbe, Lugave, Nŋonge, Njaza and Nyonyi. These went on expanding to 52 clans by 1966.

Although these people spoke the same language and had the same culture, the clans were not so autonomous. There was no organized system of governance in the region but the clans were ruled over by The Bataka. There was no accepted general leader in the region but leadership passed on to whoever proved his might in the battle field. There used to be more than one leader in the same area. There some powerful leaders who are said to have established themselves for some periods of time before Kintu’s arrival and they include the following: Sseguku, Buwumpya, Bukokoma, Bukulu, Bandi, Beene, Ggulu, Kyebagaba, Muyizzi, Bukuku, Bukadde-Magezi, Nakirembeka, Tonda, Maganda, Mukama, and Bemba. According to the most widely accepted version of history, Bemba was the acknowledged leader at the time of Kintu’s arrival.

Muwaawa become Buganda during the reign of Ssekabaka Kintu the first when he took over from Bemba. By this time, the head of the Ffumbe clan was called Buganda Ntege Walusimbi who had leadership over other clans. Walusimbi had several children including Makubuya, Kisitu, Wasswa Winyi, and Kato Kintu. When Walusimbi died, his son Makubuya replaced him as ruler. On his death, Makubuya in turn was replaced by his brother Kisitu as ruler. During Kisitu’s reign, a renegade prince called Bbemba came from the area of Kiziba in northern Tanzania today and established his camp at Naggalabi, Buddo from there he planned to fight Kisitu and replace him as ruler of Muwaawa. Bemba became so cruel and ruthless. When Bbemba attacked Kisitu, Kisitu became so intimidated and in his fear, he vowed to give his chair Ssemagulu to whoever would succeed in killing off Bemba whereby Ssemagulu was the symbol of authority. On hearing his brother’s vow, Kintu gathered some followers from among his brothers and some of the various clans and attacked Bemba. Bemba was defeated in the ensuing battle and he was beheaded by one Nfudu of the Lugave clan. Nfudu quickly took Bbemba’s head to Kintu, who in turn took it to Kisitu. On seeing Bbemba’s head, Kisitu abdicated his throne in favor of Kintu with the words that “Kingship is earned in battle”. Despite his abdication, Kisitu wanted to retain leadership of the Ffumbe clan, so he told Kintu to start his own clan. He also told Kintu that the kingdom should be renamed Buganda in memory of their common ancestor Buganda Ntege Walusimbi. Thus the royal clan came into existence by separated from the Ffumbe clan. Kintu established a new system of governance in alliance with the other clan leaders. Although there is no written literature, the information has passed on from generation to generation in oral form and the above version has been widely accepted as the most viable version.

However, there are other versions that talk about the origin of Buganda and amongst them is one where people believed that Bbemba and Kintu were related and that Kintu who was younger than Bbemba took over as leader. This did not go down well with Bbemba who was eldest which forced him to fight his cousin Kintu from the throne. Bbemba won the battle and Kintu ran away to the Ssese Islands from where he organized to come back and fight for his throne which was by then called Naggalabi.

When Bbemba took over power, he became so ruthless that people hated him so much. They even compared him to the dangerous cobra (Bbemba Musota) and wherever he would go to visit, he caused suffering to the people and even killed many of them. People became furious of him and when Kintu came back to fight him, all the people rallied behind him to fight Bbemba and this helped Kintu to win the battle.

This version goes ahead to say that Kintu teamed up with all the different clans and his army was led by Mukiibi who was leader of the Lugave clan in the area. They won the battle and Bbemba was chased away. Kintu Kato took over the throne and it’s from here that some people mistake Kintu Kato as the first Muganda but this is not true. Kintu Kato could not have been the first Muganda when he fought Bbemba to take over power. He was a grandson to the first Kintu who came straight from heaven and he was married to Nambi Nantululu. When Kintu was coming back from Ssese Island, he took around about route via mountain Elgon. This he did because he wanted to take cover from his enemies so that he could attack Bbemba’s men with ease. This is the reason why some people mistake Kintu to have come from the east of the country known today as Uganda. Kintu came to Buganda as a conquering hero with a big force that enabled him to establish himself as king. It’s also believed that Bemba was a harsh and ruthless ruler. His subjects were already primed to rebel against him and indeed some prominent clan leaders joined Kintu’s invading force. Key among these was Mukiibi, head of the Lugave clan, who was assigned command of the invading force. When Bemba was defeated in the battle, Kintu slept in Bemba’s house as a sign of his victory. Bbemba had named his house Buganda and was located at Naggalabi Buddo. Thus Kintu took over leadership of Bemba’s house Buganda and the name eventually came to mean all the territory that Kintu ruled. To this day, when a new king of Buganda is crowned, the ceremony takes place at Naggalabi, to recall Kintu’s victory over Bemba.

Kintu found the region disorganized with only five clans. He reoganised them and merged those people he came with and the people he found in the region. Together they formed thirteen clans, organized themselves and formed the Buganda Kingdom. The five clans Kintu found in the region included among the following Ffumbe clan, Lugave clan, Ngeye clan, Nyonyi Nyange clan and the Njaza clan and they are referred to as “Ebika Binansangwa”. Kitnu organized the people and called for a general meeting for all the clan leaders who met at Magonga in Busujju on Nnono hill and formed a united government with Kintu as their leader. This meeting was of great historic significance for it was at this meeting that Buganda’s form of governance, and the relationship between the clans and the King was formally agreed upon. The agreement was not written down but it constituted an understanding between the clans that has been followed since then. In essence it set down Buganda’s Constitution.

The following are some of the principal attendants who were at the meeting:

1. Bukulu, from Ssese, who chaired the meeting
2. Kato Kintu, who became King
3. Mukiibi Ndugwa, of the Lugave clan, whose son Kakulukuku was the first Katikkiro of Buganda
4. Kisolo, of the Ngonge clan, who also became a Katikkiro of Buganda
5. Kyaddondo, of the Nvuma clan who was appointed Ssaabaddu
6. Kayimbyobutezi, of the Njaza clan
7. Mwanje, of the Ngo clan
8. Balasi,
9. Kagobe, of the Ffumbe clan
10.Kayimbyokutega, from Kyaggwe and of the Mpeewo clan
11. Kiwutta Kyasooka, of the Mbogo clan
12. Kyeya Mutesaasira, of the Ngo clan
13. Nnyininsiko, of the Njovu clan
14. Bakazirwendo Ssemmandwa, of the Ngeye clan
15. Kakooto Mbaziira, of the Nnyonyi clan, from Bulimo in Kyaggwe county
16. Nsereko Namwama, of the Kkobe clan
17. Nsumba, of the Mbogo clan
18. Kisenge, of the Nnyonyi clan, from Mirembe in Kyaggwe county
19. Kyeyune, of the Nnyonyi clan, from Mirembe in Kyaggwe county
20. Mubiru, of the Mmamba clan, from Bumogera
21. Mutasingwa, of the Mbwa clan

After the meeting, Bukulu returned to the Ssese Islands. On completing his victory, Kintu established his palace at Nnono. It is here that he appointed his first government and awarded chieftaincies to his prominent followers. For this reason, Nnono is one of the most important cultural and historical sites in Buganda.

A Fetich doctor (Omulubaale) who was keeping the Naggalabi which was the traditional name for throne gave one stick (Akati Kamu) to Kintu and told him to break it into pieces which Kintu did at once. Then the Fetich put together nine sticks to make a bundle (Kaganda) and even prepared more others to make many bundles (Buganda) and told Kintu to break then like he had done with the one stick. Kintu failed to break the bundles with ease as it had been with one stick and therefore the Mulubaale explained to him that it was very easy to break one stick but it was very difficult to break the bundles (Obuganda) and that he should rule his people in BUGANDA and not in single STICKS. Therefore, it’s from here that the name Buganda was adopted and Muwaawa dropped. Everyone would refer to Kintu’s region of rule as “Obuganda Bwa Kintu”. When the kingdom was formed and given the name Buganda, the people in the Kingdom also became to be called Baganda for many and Muganda for Singular, their language Luganda and their culture Kiganda. They loved one another, spoke the same language and were never jealousy of each other.

Kings of Buganda (Click on the + to open the details)

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kintu Kato ” ]

His parents are not clearly known but Rev. Fr. Ddiba in his book Eddiini mu Uganda identified Kintu`s mother as Nyatolo. His royal sister (Lubuga) was Kabonesa and his Twin (Omulongo) was called Kinembe. He named his Jjembe Ssebintu and his Home (Nnyumba) was called Kiroolokyanyinamwiru. There is not much that is documented about Kabaka Kintu

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Ccwa Nnabaka (1187- 1217)” ]

He was also born to Ssekabaka Kintu and Nambi Nantululu of the Nkima Clan (monkey). His Royal sister (Lubuga) was Batenga whom he got when she was going to Bukasa to get blessings to have children. His Twin (Omulongo) was named Lukungo, his home (Nnyumba) was called Batandabeezaala and his Jjembe was Kasajja.

He married 3 wivesNakiwala of the Ngonge clan (Otter), Nnakku of the Ffumbe clan (African Civet) and Najjuka of the Butiko clan (Mushroom) from Kireka. He had only one son Kalemeera and his Tombs are found at Bugumya in Busiro

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kimera (1217 – 1247)” ]

He was born to prince Kalemeera and Wannyana of the Nsenene clan (Grasshopper). He ruled from 1217 to 1247 and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was Nalaki whom he left at Kibulala. After Nalaki, Kimera got another Lubuga called Naddangira who was found at Naggulu. His sacred Twin (Omulongo) was called Lukungo, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Bunnyabukadde and his Jjembe was called Ntembe. 

He married 3 wives Nabukalu of the Lugave clan (Pangolin), Nnakku of the Ffumbe clan (African Civet) and Namagembe Nanzigu of the Mbogo clan (Buffalo) and had two children Lumansi and Magembe.

It is said that Kimera planned for the death of his son Lumansi because he did not want him to take over the throne. Lumansi died and left a son Ttembo who retaliated and killed his grandfather for killing his father and took over as king of Buganda. 

Who is Kimera?

When Kintu died, his officials did not want to make this public knowledge in the fear that this might cause instability in the kingdom. So Kintu was buried secretly at Nnono, and the officials put out the word that the king had disappeared. After some time, the officials chose Ccwa, one of Kintu’s sons to become king in his father’s place. Ccwa had only one son called Kalemeera. Kalemeera was only a young boy by the time his father ascended the throne. As he became older, Kalemeera began to understand the significance of the story that his grandfather Kintu had disappeared. He became apprehensive that Ccwa his father might also disappear in the same way. Thus Kalemeera began following his father around everywhere he went, fearful of letting him out of his sight. Eventually, Ccwa became exasperated with his son’s behavior and he concocted a plan that would force Kalemeera to leave his father’s side.

The scheme that was concocted involved Walusimbi the Katikkiro (Prime Minister), falsely accusing Kalemeera of having had an illicit affair with his wife. When the case was brought before Ccwa, the king ruled against his son, and he fined him heavily. Kalemeera was forced to go to Bunyoro to seek the help of king Winyi in paying off the fine. According to this version of history, Winyi was the son of Rukidi Mpuga Isingoma, founder of the Bunyoro dynasty. But since Rukidi was Kintu’s brother and Kintu was the father of Ccwa, it follows that Winyi was Kalemeera’s uncle and he was in a position to help him out at this hour of need. Bunyoro at that time was the only source of iron implements in the whole region and Kalemeera’s plan was to import some of these into Buganda and use the profits to help pay off the fine.

The story continues that while in Bunyoro, Kalemeera had an affair with Wannyana, one of Winyi’s wives. When it became evident that Wannyana had become pregnant as a result, Kalemeera decided to return to Buganda quickly to escape Winyi’s wrath. Unfortunately for him, Kalemeera fell ill on the way home and he died. His attendants took his skull and buried it at Sserinnya in Busiro. Since then, a memorial house for Kalemeera has been maintained at Sserinnya.

In the meantime, Wannyana came to term and gave birth to a baby boy who later came to be called Kimera. Kimera grew up in Bunyoro, under the care of Katumba, of the Nkima clan, who was a close friend and advisor of Wannyana. Katumba had tricked Winyi into having the baby thrown away rather than have him killed as would otherwise have happened. He then secretly rescued the boy. Back in Buganda, Ccwa continued to rule as king. At his death, Ccwa had no male heir to succeed him since his son Kalemeera had already died. So Walusimbi, of the Ffumbe clan was given stewardship of the throne. Walusimbi proved unpopular however, and he was soon replaced by Ssebwaana, of the Lugave clan. Since neither of these was of the royal lineage, they are considered to have been only stewards rather than kings. The throne was in need of a royal occupant so the clan leaders decided to send for Kimera in Bunyoro, whom they had been informed was a son of Kalemeera.

When Kimera left Bunyoro to come to Buganda, he knew he was going to become king and he brought many people and a lot of property with him. Wannyana his mother, and her friend Katumba were among the many people who came with Kimera. A total of 28 clans are said to have come into Buganda at Kimera’s time. Katumba was given the nickname Mugema meaning he who prevented trouble because he prevented Kimera’s death as a boy. Katumba was head of the Nkima clan, and ‘Mugema’ became his official title. Because of his role in rearing Kimera to maturity, and guiding him to the throne of Buganda, Mugema is regarded as one of the most important clan leaders.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Ttembo (1247 – 1277)”]

He was born to prince Lumansi and Nattembo of the Mmamba clan (Lung fish) and his royal sister (Lubuga) was called Nazibanja. His Twin (Omulongo) was called Lutimba while his Jjembe was called Kasajja.

He mmaried Najjemba of the Ngonge clan (Otter) and had 3 children Kiggala Ssewannaka Mukaabya Kungubu, Lutimba and Nazibanja who was his only daughter.

His tombs are found at Luwoka in Busiro.

Ttembo loved his subjects and would dismiss any chief who would mistreat the people. He even elected councilors to the Lukiiko (Buganda Parliament) to report to him those chiefs who mistreated his subjects. It`s from here that the Buganda Lukiiko started. He became sick and later ran mad. That`s why the Baganda say Ayita Ttembo when one becomes mad.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kiggala Ssewannaku Mukaabya Kungubu. (1277 – 1307)”]

He was born to Ssekabaka Ttembo and Najjemba of the Ngonge clan (Otter). His royal sister (Lubuga) was called Naluwembe from Nansana. His Twin (Omulongo) was called Lutimba, his home (Nnyumba) was called Kasajjakaaliwano and his Jjembe was called Kiriwaggulu.

He had 6 wives Nnabukalu Nabbuto of the Lugave clan (Pangolin), Nakawuka of the Mmamba clan (Lung fish), Nakimera of the Nsenene clan (Grasshopper), Nakku of the Ffumbe clan (African Civet), Nakyobula of the Mmamba clan (Lung fish) and Namulondo Nawampamba of the Butiko clan (Mushroom). He had 4 childrenKiyimba, Kaasammeme, Googombe and Wampamba. His tombs are found at Ddambwe in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kiyimba (1307 – 1337)”]

He was born to Ssekabaka Kiggala and Nabukalu Nabbuto of the Lugave clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was Nnayimbabuna. His Twin (Omulungo) was called Lukungo, the Home (Nnyumba) was called Batandabeezaala and his Jjembe was called Kasajja.

He had two wives Baamuggya of the Ngabi clan and Gwojjanjaba of the Butiko clan but he never had children. His tombs are found at Ssentema in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kayima Sennyimba (1337 – 1367)”]

He was born to prince Wampamba and Nakayima of the Butiko clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was called Nassuna. His Twin (Omulongo) was called Katabaazi whom others call Kayizzi, the home (Nnyumba) was called Kasajjakaaliwano and the Jjembe was called Kittengo. 

He had two wives Nababinge of the Mmamba clan and Naddogo of the Nkima clan and 3 children Nakibinge, Kaasabbanda and Jjuma. His tombs are found at Buccucu in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Sekabaka Nakibinge (1367 – 1397)”]

He was born to Ssekabaka Kayima and Nababinge of the Mmamba clan and his Royal sister was Luwedde. His Twin was called Lukuba, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Bazibumbira and the Jjembe was called Siimuwuune. 

He had 6 wives Nabitaka of the Mmamba clan, Namulondo Najjantyo of the Butiko clan, Nalunga of the Nvuma clan, Najjemba of the ŋonge clan, Nassuna of the Mmamba clan, Nannono of the Ngo clan, Nanzigu of the Mbogo clan and Kabejja. He had 6 children Mulondo, Jjemba, Ssuuna, Princess Batenga, Princess Nzigu and Kayizzi.

His tombs are found at Kkongojje in Busiro but his body was laid at Kitinda also in Busiro

Nakibinge called Kibuuka Kyobe Omumbaale from the Ssese Island to come and rescue the Kingdom of Buganda during the wars with Bunyoro Kingdom. They fought and won the war but were both killed during the battle. Kibuuka was killed first when they discovered his tactics of fighting and then Nakibinge was killed towards the end of the war. [/su_spoiler]

[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Mulondo (1397 – 1427)”]

He was born to Ssekabaka Nakibinge and Namulondo Najjantyo of the Butiko clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was Muggale. His sacred Twin was called Kyerula, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Batandabezaala and his Jjembe was called Siimuwuune. 

His wife was Nnakku of the Ffumbe clan and had 4 children Kazibwe, Kaliga Ssekamaanya and Walugembe.

Mulondo took over power when he was still very young and this forced his uncles to make a chair for him where he would sit such that his subjects could see him. They named this chair Namulondo because he used to sit on the laps of his mother Namulondo and from then, the King`s chair took up the name Namulondo.

His tombs are found at Bulondoganyi Mitwebiri in Busiro

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Jjemba (1427 – 1457)”]

He was born to Ssekabaka Nakibinge and Najjemba of the ηonge clan and his Royal sisters (Balubuga) were Nkinzi and Luwedde. His sacred Twin (Omulongo) was called Lukungo, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Bazibumbira and his Jjembe was called Siimuwuune.

He had 3 wives Nanfuka of the Ngeye clan, Nakkazi of the Mmamba clan and Nabbanja of the Mbogo clan and had 5 children Kigulu, Ggoogombe, Lulume, Kajjebedde and Kawaali.

Ssekabaka Jjemba lived for a very long time in that all his children died before him and he died at the age of 112 years. His tombs are found at Mubanga in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Ssuna I (1457 – 1487)”]

He was born to Nakibinge and Nassuuna of the Mmamba clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was called Giibwa Nnayimbabuna. His sacred Twin (Omulongo) was called Segantebuka, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Batandabezaala and his Jjembe was called Siimuwuune. 

He had 2 wives Nabugo of the Ffumbe clan and Nalugwa of the Ndiga clan. They had 4 children Ssewatti, Ggoogombe, Kimbugwe and Kiwaali.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Ssekamanya (1487 – 1517)”]

He was born to Ssekebaka Mulondo and Nnakku of the Ffumbe Clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was Luwedde. His sacred Twin was called Kyerula, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Kyesirikidde and his Jjembe was called Kasajja. 

His wife was Nabuuso and his son Kateregga. His tombs are found at Kkongojje in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kimbugwe (1517 – 1547)”]

He was born to Ssunna I and Nalugwa of the Ndiga clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was called Ndagire. His Home (Nnyumba) was called Ssaalongo, his sacred Twin (Omulongo) was Kyakulumbye and his Jjembe was called Manyonyi.

He had 2 wives Nakamyuuka of the Mpindi clan and Nabbanja of the Mbogo clan and his children Kamyuka, Baleke Mpadwa and Kiweewa. His tombs are found at Bugwanya in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kateregga (1547 – 1577)”]

He was born to Ssekamanya and Nabuuso Nnabagereka of the Butiko clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was Sirwamutanda. His sacred Twin was Kyerula, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Kyesirikidde and his Jjembe was called Bbugiro. 

He had 9 wives Namawagga of the Mpologoma clan, Namutebi of the Mmamba clan, Nakabugo of the Nkima clan, Nakamu of the Nkima clan, Nakinyango of the Ffumbe clan, Nnalongo Kawenyera, Nalugwa of the Ndiga clan, Namugenyi of the Lugave clan and Nanzigu of the Mbogo clan. He had 18 children Kawagga, Mutebi, Jjuuko, Kayemba, Lumansi, Kijojjo, Princess Naluwembe, Kinyago, WasswaKato, Princess Nazibanja, Ssemmindi, Gaweeserwa Kawagga, Kazibwe, Katakkesu, Nzigu, Sseninde, Wasswa and Lutimba Kato.

His tombs are found at Buteregga in Busiro along Bumera Road.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Mutebi (1577 – 1644)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Kateregga and Namutebi of the Mmamba clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was Luwedde. His sacred twin was called Ssimbwa, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Mayinja and the Jjembe was called Manyonyi. 

He had 5 wives Nabitalo of the Ffumbe clan, Nabukalu Nnabbuto of the Lugave clan, Naluyima of the Lugave clan, Namawuuba of the Lugave clan and Nampiima of the Mpeewo clan. He had 7 children Lukenge, Tebandeke, Kayima, Mawuuba, Mukuma, Matumbwe and Mpiima.

His tombs are found at Kkongojje in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Jjuuko (1644 – 1682)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Kateregga and Namutebi of the Mmamba clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was Nsangi. His sacred Twin was called Lukungo, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Kaaliiti and the Jjembe was called Lubowa. 

He had 6 wives Nandawula of the Nseenene clan, Nabatanzi of the Lugave clan, Nakimera of the Nseenene clan, Nakisozi of the Mbogo clan, Nalunga of the Nvuma clan and Nantume of the Mbogo clan. His children included Ndawula Kyekaka, Batanzi, Ntale, Kimera, Kasozi Ssekiyovu, Lumweno, Ntale Kasagazi, Naddangira and Kayiza.

His tombs are found at Bujjuko in Busiro. [/su_spoiler]

[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kayemba (1682 – 1715)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Kateregga and Namutebi of the Mmamba clan and his Royal sister (Lubuga) was Muggale. His scared Twin was called Lukungo, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Bunnyabukadde and his Jjembe was called Manyonyi. 

He had 2 wives Nabbanja of the Mbogo clan and Nnakku of the Ffumbe clan and children included Ssematimba, Wakayima, Kawumpuli and Princess Namutebi. His tombs are found at Kkongojje in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Tebandeke (1715 – 1742)“] He was born to Ssekabaka Mutebi I and Nabukalu Nabbuto of the Lugave clan and his Royal sister was Nandawula. His Twin was called Kabuno, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Bazibumbira and the Jjembe was called Kasajja. He ruled from 1715 to 1742 and his Prime Minister was Mujambula of the Ffumbe clan. He had five wives Balangazza of the Mbogo clan, Nabbali of the Ffumbe clan, Nnaabaazika of the Nkima clan, Nakuwanda of the Nkima clan and Nakyanziirana of the Njovu clan. He never had children. His tombs are found at Merera but his body was taken to Bundeke.  [/su_spoiler]

[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Ndawula Kanaakulya (1742 – 1772“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Jjuuko and Nandawula Kabeŋano of the Nseenene clan and his Royal sister was Zansanze. His Twin was called Lukungo, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Batandabezaala and the Jjembe was called Siimuwuune.

He had seven wives Nabisubi of the Mmamba clan, Naggujja of the Njovu clan, Nakidde Luyiga of the Ngo clan, Nakikulwe Namirembe of the Ngo clan, Nakyomubi of the Mmamba clan, Nampanga of the Butiko clan and Nazaaluno of the Ffumbe clan.
His children included Kagulu, Tebuucwereke, Musanje, Ggolooba, Kikulwe, Mawanda, Princess Ndagire Ndege, Kikulwe, Kyomubi Ssegaamwenge, Luyenje and Bezaaluno. His tombs are found at Musaba in Busiro but his body was laid at Merera.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Ssekabaka Kagulu Tebuucwereke (1772 – 1802)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Ndawula and Naggujja of the Njovu and his Royal was called Ndagire Ndege. His Twin was called Kabuno, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Bazibumbira and the Jjembe was called Kaabayizzi.

His tombs are found at Bbunga in Busiro. He had one wife and two children Kayima and Ssematimba.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kikulwe (1802 – 1805)“]

He was born to Ndawula and Nakikulwe Kiyindi Namirembe of the Ngo clan and his Royal sister was Namulinzi Batenda. He Twin was called Luwungwe Ggobango, his Home (Nnyumba) was Kiryangokibi and the Jjembe was Siimuwuune. He had five wives Nabidde who was a Musoga of the Nyonyi clan, Najjuka of the Butiko clan, Nalukwago of the Nkima clan, Namatovu of the Ngabi clan and Nantume of the Mbogo clan.
His children included Princess Mpaalikitenda, Madegu, Maganda, Ggobango, Segaamwenge, Princess Zansanze, Princess Nabalonga, Ngobe and Ggomotoka. His tombs are found at Kaaliti in Busiro but his body was laid at Luwoko.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Mawanda (1805 and 1807)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Ndawula and Nakidde of the Ngo clan and his Royal sister Nawatti. His Twin was called Ssimbwa, the Home (Nnyumba) was called Kiryangokibi and the Jjembe was called Kasajja.

He had seven wives Nabunnya Nassaza of the Ngeye clan, Nabuuso of the Butiko clan, Kikome Kaddulubale of the Mmamba clan, Namisango of the Musu clan, Nakisinde of the Kkobe clan, Naŋonzi of the Nyonyi clan and Nankonyo of the Nyonyi clan.
His children included Bbengo, Mulere, Wasswa, Kato, Kirabe and Princess Namirembe. His tombs are found at Sserinnya (Buwanda- Luteregga) in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Mwanga I (1807 – 1807)“]

He was born to Prince Musanje Ggolooba and Nabulya Nalugwa of the Ndiga clan and his Royal sisters were Serwamutanda and Nkinzi. The Twin was called Kyerula, his Home (Nnumba) was called Kasajjakaawano and the Jjembe was called Siimuwuune. He had five wives Najjuma of the Lugave clan, Nakabugo of the Nkima clan, Nakiwala of the ŋonge clan, Nalubowa of the Ngo clan and Namakula of the Lugave clan.

His children included Mulage, Nnawangiri, Kiwanuuka and Nkondoggo. He ruled from 1807 to 1807 spending only nine days on the throne. His tombs are found at Kavumba in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Namugala Lukanga (1807 to 1811)“]

He was born to Prince Musanje and Nalugwa of the Ndiga clan and the Royal sister was Nnaayimbabuna. His Twin was Lukungo, the home (Nnyumba) was called Kiryangokibi and the Jjembe was called Kasajja. He had six wives Basuuta of the Nseenene Clan, Najjuuko of the Butiko clan, Nalubowa of the Ngo clan, Nalunga of the Nvuma clan, Nakangu of the Mmamba clan and Nawanguma of the Ngabi clan. His children included Kateragga, Ngabo and Kibooli. His tombs are found at Muyomba in Busiro but his body was laid to rest at Mareera hill.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kyabaggu (1811 – 1817)“]

He was born to Prince Musanje and Nabulya Nalugwa of the Ndiga clan and his royal sister was Kabonesa. His Mulongo was called Kimulisa, his home (Nnyumba) was called Bazibumbira and the Jjembe was called Katwalo.

He had 14 wives Gwokyalya of the Lugave clan, Kiriibwa of the Lugave clan, Magotta of the Mmamba clan, Misinga of the Lugave clan, Mbigidde of the Nvuma clan, Nabiweke of the Ngo clan, Nabugere of the Ffumbe clan, Nagalabe of the ŋonge clan, Nalubimbi of the Kkobe clan, Nalwandaba of the Mmamba clan, Namayanja of the Mmamba clan, Nambooze of the Kkobe clan, Nanteza of the Njovu clan and Namayanja of the Mmamba clan.
His children included Nsekere, Ssaanya, Wakayima, Jjuuko, Mbajjwe, Nalukwakoba, Ssaku, Wango, Mukuma, Sekafuuwa, Kiribata, Kikunta, Kigoye, Kalema, Jjunju, Ssemakookiro, Wassajja Princess Kyomubi, Princess Nakayiza, Princess Zansanze, Sekafuuwa, Kiribata and Kikunta. His tombs are found at Kyebando in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Jjunju (1817 – 1819)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Kyabaggu and Nanteza of the Njovu clan and the Royal sister was Nsagi. His Twin was Muzigo, the Home (Nnyumba) was called Kasajjakaaliwano and the Jjembe was called Lubowa. He had four wives Kategaya of the Mmamba clan, Nakamu of the Ndiga clan, Nassozi of the Ndiga clan and Tebaawuza of the Mbogo.
His children included Kyomubi and Semalume. His tombs are found at Luwunga in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Ssemakookiro Wassajja (1819 to 1821)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Kyabaggu and Nanteza of the Nvuma clan and the Royal sister was Kiyumba. His Twin was called Muzigo, the Home (Nnyumba) was called Kasajjakaliwano and the Jjembe was Lubowa. His wives were Balami of the Ndiga clan, Bawedde of the Mbogo clan, Bwayita of the Nkima clan, Guluma of the Nkima clan, Gwowoleza of the Ndiga clan, Jjajjawabaana of the Ndiga clan, Nabisuna of the Mpindi clan, Namatama of the Ndiga clan, Ndwaddewazibwa of the Nseenene clan, Sebandabawa of the Ngeye clan, Kisirisa of the Mmamba clan and Sikyanyaga of the Nkima clan.

His children included Nakuyita, Lugenje, Tebattagwabwe Nabisaalu, Mutebi, Nagaddya, Zimbe, Kamaanya, Ndagire Nabinaka, Kiyumba, Nnyiningabo, Kakirekwa, Kafumbe, and Kakungulu Muzigo. He discovered the backcloth making here in Buganda Kingdom. His tombs are found at Kisimbiri in Busiro but his body was laid at Mareera. [/su_spoiler]
[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kamaanya (1821 to 1824)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Ssemakookiro and Ndwaddeewaaziba of the Nseenene clan and his Royal sister was Kiyumba. His Twin was Bifulanye, his Home (Nnyumba) was Bunnyabukadde and the Jjembe was called Manyonyi. He had many wives including Bukirwa of the ŋonge clan, Bayimba of the Nkima clan, Gwowemukira from Ankole, Kayaga Baganza of the Kkobe clan, Kisirisa of the ŋonge clan, Kizza Kaddulubaale of the Ffumbe clan, Kyosubyamunno of the Nkima clan, Kyotowanda of the Mmamba clan, Kyowola of the Ndiga clan and Lubadde of the Ngeye clan and many more.

His children included Kiggala, Nakibinge, Kiteerera, Kimera, Ndawula, Lule, Babirye, Nakato, Kaggwa, Ssekamanya, Mbajjwe, Bamweyana, Mugogo Bifuulanye Mumawe, Nangadde, Nakayenga, Nabalonga Twayise, Nassolo, Kagere, Nambi, Kyomubi, Nakangu, Nalumansi, Luwedde, Nnakku, Kimera, Lumansi, Tebandeke, Ssuuna, Wasswa, Ndawula, Mutebi, Nakalema, Kigoye, Ndagire, Kajumba, Nakalira, Nassuna Kyetenga, Kizza, Mpaalikitenda, Nabisubi and Nagaddya.

Kamaanya fought different battles with Busoga and he managed to win them with help of his strong men who included Kikwabanga, Ssematimba and Ssewankambo. His tombs are found at Kasengejje in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Ssuuna II Ssemunywa Kalema Kansinjo (1824 to 1854)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Kamaanya and Nakkazi Kannyange of the Mmamba clan and his royal sister was Sikyagatema. His Mulongo was called Kasajja, his home (Nnyumba) was called Batandabezaala and the Jjembe was called Simuwuune. He gave the name Kamalabyonna of Buganda to his Prime Minister Kayiira and this name has lived up to today. Ssuuna had the greatest number of wives. He married 20,180 wives and had 2100 children. However, despite the number of wives being big, only the following are remembered; Ssaalinge of the Mpeewo clan, Mirika Balaguzi of the Lugave clan, Gwolyoka of the Njovu clan, Namammonde Kabejja of the Ffumbe clan, Kikolwamuganzi Kaddulubaale of the Mbogo clan, Kubina of the Ffumbe clan and Ndimugambako.
He also had very many children but the following are remembered;
Kiweewa, Jjuuko, Dina Namirembe, Mukaabya Muteesa1, Sserwola, Nassolo, Kyebattula Ndagire, Lukanga, Wampamba, Kato, Babirye, Nawatti, Nuhu Kyabasinga, Kajumba, Kiyimba and Nassuuna. His tombs are found at Wamala in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Sayidi Mukaabya Muteesa I Walugembe Lukeberwakuttakulimuuki (1854 – 1884) “]

He was born to Ssekabaka Ssuuna and Gwolyoka of the Njovu clan and his Royal sisters were Baliraala and Zikuzoobuto Muggale. His Twin was called Bakumba, the Home (Nnyumba) was called Muzibu-azaalampanga and the Jjembe was called Manyonyi.

Mutesa I was the 32nd King of Buganda. He reigned during the time of the exploration of Africa. Mutesa’s first contact with the western world was through Arab traders. The Arab traders circumnavigated the African Continent during the 16th and 17th centuries, searching for slaves whom they bartered for beads and guns. The evil characteristics around slavery disappointed many African leaders, including Mutesa I. Unable to bear the pain inflicted upon his subjects, Mutesa sought a way out of this mode of trade.
His genuine search for a way out, led him in contact with a European Missionary Explorer, Henry Morton Stanley. Among other things, H. M. Stanley was going around Africa searching for the source of the Nile. As the tradition demanded, Stanley had to be introduced to the Kings and their conversation led the King to seek direct contact with the British thereby doing away with the Arab middlemen.

Some of his wives included Abisaagi Baagalaayaze of the ŋonge clan, Gwomujjidde Kabejja

Kalingennyana of the Mbogo clan, Kiribakka of the Mmamba clan, Nnaabagereka Kaddulubaale of the Nvubu clan, Ndibuwaakaani of the Mmamba clan, Lunkireribaze Kasana

Kikome, Namakula of the Lugave clan and many others.

His children included amongst the following Daniel Basammula Mwanga II, Kimera, Kiweewa Mutebi, Nandawula, Kalema, Mawanda, Ndawula, Kayondo, Nabweteme, Jjunju, Mutebi, Nassolo, Nakalema, Muggale Nalumansi, Nakamaanya and Mpologoma. He grew up from Kyagwe and when he took over power, he put his palace at Nabulagala and named it Kasubi in remembrance of his village Kasubi in Kyagwe. His tombs are found at Kasubi Nabulagala in Kyaddondo.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kiweewa Mutebi I (2/8/1888 – 12/10/1888)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Muteesa I and Kiribakka of the Mmamba clan and his Royal sister was Ndagire. His Twin was called Lukungo, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Bunnyabukadde and his Jjembe was called Manyonyi.

He also had many wives and some of them include Baliira of the ŋonge clan, Butema of the Nkima clan, Kaaja of the Nseenene clan, Laazaaliya of the Ngabi clan, Lulaba of the Lugave clan, Namubiru of the Mmamba clan, Namuli of the Mpindi clan, Namusoke of the Nvuma clan, Nambajjwe of the Mmamba clan, Nimbi of the Ngabi clan, Nimbi of the Ngabi clan, Tebalyewa of the Ngabi clan, Teyasingira of the Mmamba clan, Wandeeta of the ŋonge clan and Zandaba of the Mmamba clan.

His children included amongst the following; Mazzi, Siriibwa, Walulyo, Kibuuka, Nabadda, Muyinda, Nassiwa, Gusite, Tebandeke, Lulaba, Kagungwa, Lukongwa, Kiwanuka, Walulya, Gulibagwira, Ssekamaanya, Namulinzi, Mwanga, Kagere, Ccwa, Ngeza, Namulenzi, Namikka, Namusisi and Nassiwa. His tombs are found at Masanafu in Kyaddondo.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Kalema Rashid (12/10/1888 – 11/10/1889)“]

He was born to Muteesa I and Ndibuwaakaani of the Mmamba clan and his Royal sister was called Bitissaali Zansanze Kaamuwanda. His Twin was called Gguluddene, the Home (Nnyumba) was called Bukulu and his Jjembe was called Kisituzi. He constructed Katereke prison. He had four wives Sophia Kabakalongoosa of the Nkima clan, Mai Nabikukuuzi of the Nkima clan, Veronica Nabiwemba of the Ndiga clan and Josephine Nnampa Nabibonge of the Nseenene clan

His children included Besemeresi Ddimbwe, Zzimbe, Ramathan Ndawula, Maria Kaamuwanda Batindirakibaze and Joseph Musanje. He killed many of the Buganda princes and imprisoned many of them for fear that they would take over his throne. When many wars broke up in Buganda, he ran from the Kingdom to Bunyoro from where he died. His tombs are found at Mmende in Busiro.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Daniel Basammula Butagali Mwanga II (1884 – 1897)“]

He was born to Ssekabaka Muteesa I and Abisagi Baagalaayaze of the ŋonge clan and the Royal sister was Zalwango Mpologoma. His Twin was called Lumansi, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Muzibwazaalampanga and the Jjembe was called Kasajja.

Mwanga II grew up witnessing the newly founded, deeply divisive religiosity, and he never developed a personal affection for the Christian faith. Right from the onset, Mwanga II sensed that the missionaries were political con-men who had employed religion to devise ways of grabbing his land (kingdom). Shortly after assuming the throne, Mwanga launched a countrywide search for the Christians and dissuaded the pages who were very actively involved in religious instruction, to reconsider their commitment and instead, probably, renounce the Christian faith. During this period of trial, many people heeded the Kings’ edict and renounced the new faith. Those who stuck to their guns were brutally tortured, maimed, amputated and burned alive – accused of committing the unforgivable crime of disobeying the King’s orders.
He had six wives Damalie Nanjobe Baliira of the Njovu clan, Dorothy Mwanoomu Bakazikubaawo of the Ngabi clan, Esiteera Nabunnya of the Ngeye clan, Evelyn Kulabako Maasombira Omusubika of the Ngabi clan, Loy Rose Nakibuuba Kaddulubaale of the Mmamba clan and Rose Nantume of the Mbogo clan.

His children included amongst the following; Kagolo, Yusuf, Ssuuna, Kiweewa, Daudi Ccwa and Nakibinge Bamweyana Ntengeekaawa.

He created the man-made Kabaka`s lake and when the religious wars broke up, he ran away from the kingship and only came back after the wars in 1889 and ruled up to 1897. He was later exiled together with Omukama Kabalega of Bunyoro to the Seychelles Island where he died in 1903. His body was brought back for burial in 1910 and was laid to rest at Kasubi Nabulagala alongside his father. His tombs are found at Kasubi Nabulagala in Kyaddondo. [/su_spoiler]
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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Daudi Chwa II (1898 – 1939)“]He was born to Ssekabaka Mwanga II and Evelyn Kulabako Maasoombira of the Ngabi clan and his royal sister was Kaamuwanda Batindira. His Mulongo was called Bakyawa, his home (Nnyumba) was called Muzibwazaalampnga and his Jjembe was called Kasajja. He was born on the 8-8-1897 and he took over the throne when he was only one year old.

Daudi Chwa II, was enthroned 34th King of Buganda, aged only 4 years, shortly after his father (Mwanga) had been forced out of his kingdom, and into exiled in the Seychelles Islands. Daudi Chwa II became the first reigning King of Buganda to openly declare himself as a ‘practicing’ Christian. Chwa II became the first king of Buganda to have his wedding solemnize on September 19, 1914 he married Druscilla Namaganda. A year later, in 1915 Chwa II was the chief guest, both at the ground-breaking ceremony for launching the construction, and five years later at the official opening and consecration of the present Cathedral at Namirembe, on September 13, 1919.

He had eight wives Namubiru of the Mmamba clan, Namukasa of the Ngabi clan, Nakitto of the Ngeye clan, Irene Dulusira Namaganda of the Nte clan, Judith Mbakebuse of the Mmamba clan, Nakasolya of the Ngabi clan, Nabankema of the Musu clan and Lunkuse of the Ŋonge clan.

His children included Mawanda, Lincoln Ndawula, Princess Mpologoma, Princess Lwantale (Nassolo) Muteesa II, Jjuuko, Lumaama, Kimbugwe, Muggale, Mazzi, Tebandeke, Nabweteme, Takalema and Ssimbwa. Ccwa was so young when he took over power whereby he had to rule through regents who included Sir Apollo Kaggwa, Stanslas Mugwanya and Zaakaria Kisingiri.

It is said that Chwa II had a miserable kingship and his death, in 1942, was both untimely and premature. His tombs are found at Kasubi Nabulagala.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssekabaka Edward Fredric Wulugembe Mutebi Muteesa II (1939 to 1969)“]He was born to Ssekabaka Daudi Ccwa and Irene Drussila Namaganda of the Nte clan on the 11-19-1924 and his Royal sisters were Lwantale and Elizabeth Nakabire. His Twin was Musajjatawutta, his Home (Nnyumba) was called Muzibwazaalampanga and his Jjembe was Siimuwuune. He took over power when he was still a student at Buddo and was only 15 years of age.

He ruled the Kingdom with the help of regents who included Martin Luther Nsibirwa who also the Prime Minister of the Kingdom, Lawuli Kiwanuka who was a judge and Sserwano Woofunira Kkulubya. Later Kawalya Kaggwa took over as the Prime Minister being assisted by the regents. The Kabaka went for studies in the United Kingdom and left the Kingdom in the Hands of regents. He came back to take over leadership of the Kingdom in 1949. His rule saw a lot of interference from the Europeans who wanted him to sign the Buganda agreement of 1900 to which he refused arguing that he cannot sign any Agreement in which he did not attend. This agreement was made during Kabaka Ccwa`s rule when he was also still young and never signed it too. This did not go down well with the Governor Sir Andrew Cohen and it later led to the exiling of Muteesa II like his Grandfather Mwanga II in 1953. He died from England where he was exiled when he was 45 years of age.
Edward Walugembe Mutesa II was enthroned 35th King of Buganda in 1942. Mutesa II did like the way the British had treated his father and right from his enthronement, he demonstrated lack of co-operation with the colonial administrators. Due to his outwardly demonstrated disrespect toward the imperialists, Mutesa II was exiled twice into the United Kingdom hoping that they would ‘model’ him into the puppet king they wanted him to be, in vain.

During his reign, many uprisings started around Africa demanding independence from European colonial rulers. Such revolutionary favor was equally ignited in Buganda and Uganda as a whole, hence the emergency of political parties in Uganda. As a central figure in Buganda, Mutesa II was continuously targeted hoping that silencing him would quell the uprisings around the country.

Some of his wives included Damalie Kisosonkole of the Nkima clan, Sarah Kisosonkole of the Nkima clan, Kate Kamulegeya of the Nkima clan, Catherine Karungu who was from Ankole, Winnie Keyihangwe who was a princess from Ankole, Eseza Nambi of the Mmamba clan, Lukanyamagulu of the Mpeewo clan, Eseza Bummenya, Kagodo, Kaako Rwancende a princess from Tooro, Nesta Rugumayo from Tooro, Lubuga and Eriyosi Nalwoga of the Mmamba clan.

His children included Dorothy Nnamukaabya Nassolo, Katabaazi, Henry Kalemeera, Ronald Muwenda Mutebi, Richard Walugembe Bamweyana, Sarah Kagere, Agnes Nabaloga, Diana Teyeggala, David Kintu Wasajja, Kimera, Mutebi Boogere, Zaalwango, Stiva, Kateregga Herbert, Alice Zaalwango, Patrick Nakibinge Fred Ssuuna, Mpologoma, Naabanaakulya, Dinah Kigga Mukalukidi, Robert Kiweewa, Kimera Masamba George Ggolooba, Masembe and George Michael Ndawula. His tombs are found at Kasubi Nabulagala in Kyadondo.

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[su_spoiler title=”Ssabasajja Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II “]His Majesty the Ssaabasajja Kabaka of Buganda, Ronald Muwenda Kimera At the time of his birth, his father Edward Muteesa II was in exile in Britain at the beginning of the political unrest in Uganda.

He was born on 13th April 1955 at Mulago hospital to Ssekabaka Muteesa II and Sarah Kisosonkole of the Nkima clan. He has not yet acquired the Twin, his Home (Nnyumba) is called Muzibwazaalampanga and he has no Jjembe yet.

He took over the throne in 1993 and still rules up to today.

He is married to Nnabagereka Sylvia Nagginda of the Musu clan and together they have a daughter Ssangalyambogo Katrina.

During His Majesty`s formative period, he attended Buddo Junior School. As a young Prince, he was introduced to cultural exposition of the Baganda by staying in homes of prominent Chiefs for some time and also had private tuition at his father`s palace. He later left the country for the United Kingdom for further studies and upon completion he worked as a Journalist with the South Magazine which was published by Chief Abiola of Nigeria.

He returned to the country in 1986 after 20 years to take up his cultural responsibilities as a traditional leader of his Kingdom. He spearheads all development activities in the Kingdom including education, economic empowerment, social, health and cultural sectors.

On 31st July 1993, His Majesty was enthroned as the 36th King of Buganda.

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