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John Hanning Speke is said to be the first European to discover the source of the Nile in 1862, and today a monument stands on the spot where he declared his discovery. Before that, what was known as the source of the Nile was at Rippon Falls, which was destroyed during the construction of Owen Falls Dam in 1954. In 1854, Speke joined an expedition to east Africa under the command of Captain Richard Burton. The explorers came under a fierce attack by tribesmen at Berbera and both Speke and Burton were wounded, Speke almost fatally. There have been arguments regarding the exact source of the Nile. Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda all claim to be having the source of the Nile.

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