Uganda National Museum
History of museums could be the oldest in East Africa. The Uganda Museum’s history goes as far as 1901 when the collections of ethnographical specimens started. It was officially established in 1908. Uganda Museum was apparently known as ‘Enyumba ya mayembe’(The house of horns, charms or fetishes) and the curator was referred to as ‘Omukulu w’amayembe.’ In 1941, Mrs. Margaret Trowell, the founder of the Art school at Makerere took over duties of a curator when the museum was about to move from Old Kampala hill to Makerere the following year. The museum then moved from Makerere to Kitante hill, Kira road near Mulago hospital (1954), and its present location.
Administratively, Uganda Museum operates under the Ministry of Tourism, Trade and Industry (MTTI), Department of Museums and Monuments. Its functions, broadly, are: Research, Education, Conservation, Documentation and Exhibition. It is divided in different sections with the following fields covered: Ethnography, Natural history, ethnohistory, independence pavilion of science and industry, Archaeology, Palaeontology and Traditional music and dance.
The Uganda museum is helpful as an educational center where different scholars from within and outside Uganda visit the museum for education purpose and research about art, music, culture, geology, history, fossils among others. Apart from the galleries the museum has the resource centre that has different books of which some are about education, archaeology, conservation, poetry, culture among others.
The Uganda museum is important in the conservation of Uganda’s cultural heritage where by the museum exhibits the ways how the people used to live like during the Stone Age period and Iron Age. The museum has enhanced this by establishing the cultural village where most of the cultures in Uganda are represented in form of traditional architecture and the some of the things they used long time shown in the houses.
The museum has the resource centre that provides the reading materials for the staff and the visitors especially the researchers and other scholars. However, the resource centre or library does not have enough books, magazines and newspapers. The resource centre could also provide the leaflets and brochures that are intended to create awareness about the national and international heritage.